Causes of your skin concerns and how to manage them.

First signs of ageing – mid 20’s.

It’s the time when your skin starts to loose moisture and your skin surface barrier becomes compromised. The skin needs protecting from external factors such as UV rays, pollution and free radicals that cause dehydration and damage to collagen fibres that lead to an appearance of surface wrinkles and deeper lines.

This is the time to get the basics right with Cleanse, Treat, Care and Protect. Cleanse your skin thoroughly morning and evening, exfoliate twice a week and moisturise twice a day and protect your skin with broad spectrum SPF every three hours.

Dull, dehydrated skin

Dull is skin usually characterised by lack of radiance and moisture. The build up of dead skin cells, dehydration, environmental stressors and stress are the main reasons your natural cell turnover slows down, possibly causing an over production of sebum and inflammation of the skin.

At this point double cleansing in the evening on top of a normal cleansing routine in the morning is very helpful as your skin does the majority of its repair over night and going to bed with extra clean skin will help you to restore the balance. Let’s also not overlook the importance of twice weekly exfoliation and possibly radiance boosting moisturisers and serums.

Pigmented skin
Pigmented skin appears as a result of over-stimulation of the melanocytes (the cells responsible for producing colour in the skin). Over-stimulation leads to over production of pigment, causing an overflow into the lower levels of the skin. The result is dark patches of the skin. The biggest risk factors are sun exposure, hormonal influences, skin ageing, skin injuries and inflammation.

Your skin is in need of very serious daily protection with broad spectrum sunscreen all year around. Your melanocyte cells have already created dark pigmentation patches on your skin and now hold a forever memory how to recreate more of these cell gatherings causing very quick spreads of new pigmentation and enlarging the existing ones. So the continuous use of SPF will help to stop this stimulation within your skin.

The use of AHA based exfoliants twice a week, Vitamin C serum and fruit acids and retinol will help to lighten and break down the existing pigmentation and increase cellular turnover.

Oily Skin

Oily skin results from the overproduction of sebum from sebaceous glands. Oily skin can also be hereditary where your skin has larger sebaceous glands. The other factors that can cause oily skin are if your glands are overstimulated due to hormonal imbalance, humidity or hot weather, harsh products, over-washing, medication or poor diet.

Managing oily skin can prove tricky but it is not all bad news. Since your skin produces this extra oil substance it means that it continuously provides hydration and protection from ageing wrinkles.

Effective cleansing and toning regime’s are key for managing oily skin. Double cleansing twice a day with gentle water-soluble cleansers to lift off all traces of pollution and excess oil, followed by toner to rebalance the skin’s pH level. Products containing salicylic acid, glycolic acid, beta-hydroxy acids and even benzoyl peroxide can be very effective. Clay or honey based masks are also easy to apply regularly to reduce the possible irritation.

Sensitive Skin

Sensitivity of your skin is caused by a break-down of skin’s inflammatory response which affects nerve endings in the top layer of skin making them irritated. The skin’s natural barrier function is weakened with increased trans-epidermal water loss making your skin more prone to react to irritants and other stressors. The right skincare will calm and soothe the skin with immediate feeling of comfort.

The use of hydrating masks and oil based moisturisers are essential to restore the superficial water loss and support the skin’s barrier.

Ageing/Mature Skin

The disruption of dermal tissue, (due to an annual 1% loss of firmness), causes the skin to loose its strength and create wrinkles. The support of collagen fibres and elastin fibres is the highlight of holding on to younger looking skin. Our skin ages prematurely due to sun damage, smoking, cell glycation and dehydration. I should mention what skin glycation is, it is stiffening of elastic fibres as a result of high sugar level and its molecules binding to collagen and elastin proteins preventing the skin from staying firm and supple.

These steps will help to your ageing process. Moisturise and again moisturise. Don’t waste your money on cheap skincare if you are serious about achieving visible results! Use resurfacing agents rather than manual exfoliants to lift off dead skin cells and activate the thickness of the dermis layer. Make sure your skincare contains active ingredients such as Hyauloronic acid, Vitamin C and Antioxidants. Use SPF continuously the whole year and please re-apply every 3 hours.

Mature skins

Apply all the rules of ageing skin together with retinol use and always treating face, eyes, neck and decollate twice a day.

Dry Skin

Dry skin is when the moisture levels in the skin drop, leaving the skin tight, uncomfortable, tired, dull and even flaky. The main cause can be naturally dry skin, extremely cold weather or hot temperatures, ageing factors or chronic skin conditions.
In my experience dry skins can always be helped with the correct skincare as the dryness is nearly always caused by lack of correct care.

Refrain from using very warm water on your skin, even frequent baths can be very drying. Drink plenty of water and follow good skincare regime with Hyaluronic acid and Antioxidants and broad spectrum sun screen. Choose creamy textures to your cleansers, serums and moisturisers to deliver instant comfort to your skin. Don’t forget that letting your skin dry out will age you pre-maturely.

All skin concerns can be treated with variety of skin facial treatments including skin peels and even chemical peels. Do get in touch if I can help with further advice.